Steven Samford. 2010. “Averting ‘Disruption and Reversal’: Reassessing the Logic of Rapid Trade Liberalization in Latin America.” Politics and Society 38 (3): 373-407.

ABSTRACT: This study revisits the debate on trade reform in Latin America, focusing specifically on what combinations of conditions were necessary for rapid trade liberalization to be undertaken.  It departs significantly from two types of studies that have been previously used to examine Latin American trade reform: 1) those using large samples and linear statistics to test the mean effects of variables on levels of trade protection, and 2) those isolating necessary conditions for rapid reform but using a small number of case studies. Using fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis and three short case studies, the study considers trade policy alteration in 62 administrations between 1970 and 2000.  It finds that the most important motivating factor for rapid trade opening is potential resistance from protected industry; it further identifies a range of important enabling conditions, such as devaluation, policy switching, and lack of executive constraints.  In combination, these necessary motivating and enabling conditions account for a high percentage of rapid trade reforms.